The brown recluse spider doesn’t go around looking for people to bite. They aren’t aggressive spiders and try to avoid human contact. Most bites occur when the spider is caught between clothing and the skin of a human or other situations where the spider feels threatened.
How Frequent are Brown Recluse Bites?
There are an average of 2,500 cases of brown recluse spider bites reported to the U.S. Poison Control centers each year. Most cases are mild to moderate, with only around 30 being severe cases.
There are usually no deaths for brown recluse bites. However, brown recluse spider bites can be quite serious and you should seek immediate medical attention.
Brown Recluse Spider Bite
When you receive a bite from a brown recluse, there is usually no initial pain. It can take up to 8 hours till the bite starts hurting. One of the first signs of a brown recluse spider bite will be an expanding area of irritation.
This will be followed by a skin-killing, necrotic action that occurs a few hours after the bite and continues for days after.
The toxins from the bite spread out from the site of the bite and kill the skin and underlying tissue to form a substantial lesion. The specific toxin involved destroys the membranes that surround the cell of skin and tissue. This skin killing action of proteins in the toxin of brown recluse spider can be especially painful for small children or the elderly.
Brown Recluse Spider Bite Symptoms
Other symptoms might include nausea, vomiting, fever, rashes, muscle and joint pain. While such symptoms are rare among healthy adults, they can be quite pronounced in people with some sorts of weakened conditions.
Brown Recluse Spider Bite Treatment
There is not a set of established treatments for the lesions caused by a brown recluse bite. Many have been tried with varied success.
Ice packs and pain killers often give some of the relief required.
How to Reduce Your Chances of Being Bitten